Though self-defense and fighting are termed together usually, however, these two terms cannot be used as an alternative to each other. Self-defense and fighting are not at all synonymous. All the fights are not self-defense. If in a heated discussion or disagreement you fight with the opponent, it does not fall into self-defense. It falls in the category of fight Self-defense only implies if you are not the aggressor but the victim.. There are some clear differences in both that are discussed in this article.
First of all, the goal and purpose for both is totally different. Fighting is done to defeat the opponent and sometimes injure the opponent. But in self-defense the goal is to ensure self-protection and safety. Ending the conflict as quickly as possible Fighting is offensive while self-defense is defensive. In self-defense the intention is not to harm but to guard your physical well-being and in most cases saving life.
Self-defense is not about Fighting
The main point is to remember that self-defense is not about the fighting. Self-defense does not have to end in fighting in all scenarios until and unless there is no escape route. Self-defense starts from preventing and preparing for the situations of fighting altogether. The main rule of self-defense is to avoid all situations which may lead to fighting and combat. Secondly, even if someone finds oneself in the situation then it is the primary objective to try to deescalate the situation. In self-defense even the compliance is expected. If a person becomes safe by complying with the demands of the assaulter or giving up the required things demanded by the attacker then compliance is the best way to choose instead of engaging in a fight.
Fighting is discouraged in self-defense because the chances of success are 50/50. In training sessions you are usually aware of the weaknesses, strengths and even moves of the opponent. But on the other hand real life scenarios are very different. The opponent is totally stranger for you and you do not have any idea of what the other person is capable of. You might think from the physical appearance that you can take down the opponent but you can never predict the actual strength and skills of that person. Moreover, in the training sessions the intentions of the opponent are not to harm you but if you find yourself confronted by a criminal you must know that he will go to any length to injure you even take your life. Therefore, physical fight is a big no if you can prevent it.
Practice to Defend not to Fight
Self-defense rotates around avoiding any kind of involvement in violence until and unless your safety is compromised. Krav Maga training also put stress on prevention and not to impose fight on anyone if you are physically stronger and have Krav Maga strategic skills.